March 3, 2015
Diagnosing and treating cancer is less straightforward than it once seemed to be. For example, time was that cancer of the breast was breast cancer, for which doctors had only a limited treatment arsenal to choose from. However, as ongoing research sheds new light on the matter, the picture has become more complex.
A case in point is a study published in 2012, led by Professor Carlos Caldas, who has held the Chair of Cancer Medicine at the University of Cambridge since 2002. Dr. Caldas, who also heads the Breast Cancer Functional Genomics Laboratory at the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Research Institute, showed that the disease category known collectively as “breast cancer” actually covered at least ten different diseases, and that genome sequencing shows that even one type of breast cancer can differ between individuals.