SNMMI publishes appropriate use criteria for bone scintigraphy in prostate and breast cancer

April 6, 2017

The Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) has published appropriate use criteria (AUC) for bone scintigraphy (scans to identify bone metastases) in patients with prostate or breast cancer. This is the first in a series of new AUC developed by SNMMI in its role as a qualified provider-led entity (PLE) under the Medicare Appropriate Use Criteria program for advanced diagnostic imaging.

The new AUC are intended to assist referring physicians and ordering professionals in fulfilling the requirements of the 2014 Protecting Access to Medicare Act (PAMA). Beginning January 1, 2018, PAMA will require referring physicians to consult AUC developed by a PLE to ensure cost-effective and appropriate utilization of advanced diagnostic imaging services.

Bone scintigraphy is one of the highest-volume procedures in imaging facilities. In 2014, approximately 407,000 bone scintigraphy studies were performed on Medicare patients for all indications. It is hoped that this evidence-based expert guidance will help make the use of bone scintigraphy more consistent and improve healthcare outcomes for the intended patient population while minimizing unnecessary imaging costs.

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