SNMMI-TS Acronym List

A listing of Acronyms Commonly Used by Nuclear Medicine Technologists

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AAMD – American Association of Medical Dosimetrists, an international society established to promote and support the medical dosimetry profession. ABNM – American Board of Nuclear Medicine, a national medical specialty that employs the nuclear properties of radioactive and stable nuclides in diagnosis, therapy, and research. This board, founded in 1971, certifies physicians specializing in Nuclear Medicine.
ABSNM – American Board of Science in Nuclear Medicine, established in 1976, certifies health care specialists in the field of nuclear medicine science to encourage the study and improve the practice of nuclear medicine science. ACC – American College of Cardiology, established in 1949 whose mission is to foster optimal cardiovascular care and disease prevention through professional education; promotion of research; leadership in development of standards and guidelines; and formulation of health care policy.
ACLS – Advanced Cardiac Life Support. ACLS refers to a set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest and other life threatening medical emergencies, as well as the knowledge and skills to deploy those interventions. ACLS is an extension of Basic Life Support (BLS). Extensive medical knowledge and rigorous hands-on training and practice are required to master ACLS. Only qualified health care providers can provide ACLS, as it requires the ability to manage the patient’s airway, initiate IV access, read and interpret electrocardiograms, and understand emergency pharmacology. ACMP – American College of Medical Physics, organization founded to guide members in the propriety of their conduct in relationship with patients, employers, co-workers, colleagues, and the public.

ACNM – American College of Nuclear Medicine, a national organization founded in 1972 comprised of physicians and medical scientists in nuclear medicine interested in advancing the science of nuclear medicine, studying the socioeconomic aspects of the practice of nuclear medicine and encouraging improved and continuing education for practitioners in the field. (Merged with the American College of Nuclear Physicians – ACNP in September 2009.)

ACR – American College of Radiology, a national organization founded in 1923 composed of physicians and radiologic physicists who specialize in the use of x-ray, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, magnetic resonance, and other imaging modalities for the diagnosis of disease and the treatment and management of cancer.
AERS – Association of Educators in Imaging and Radiologic Science. The goal of the Association of Educators in Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Inc. (AEIRS) is to meet the needs of the educator in imaging and radiological sciences. AEIRS was founded as the Association of University Radiologic Technologists in 1967. The original objectives were to stimulate an interest in radiologic technology through the academic environment and to provide a means for health care professionals to exchange expertise and ideas. In 1984 the name was changed to The Association of Educators in Radiological Sciences to more accurately reflect the organization’s composition, which expanded to include collegiate and hospital based educational program faculty members in all of the imaging and radiation therapy fields. AHA – American Hospital Association, (also American Heart Association) a national organization founded in 1898 to help members provide high-quality health care and to represent America’s hospitals. The Association includes 15 other affiliated societies with emphasis on research and education projects in many health care areas (administration, economics, community relations), represents hospitals in national legislation, offers member services in health care planning, hospital organization, health care financing, and programs for institutional effectiveness review.

AHCPR – Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, established in Dec. 1989 as a part of the Department of Health and Human Services; the agency is to enhance the quality, appropriateness, and effectiveness of health care services; to reduce health care costs, and broaden access to essential services. Its programs of research bring practical, science-based information to medical practitioners and consumers. AHCPR directs the scientific review process for grants and evaluates the medical contribution of proposed and ongoing research.

AHRA – American Healthcare Radiology Administration, a non-profit organization dedicated to addressing the needs of healthcare and imaging administrators and promoting the highest level of management practice in the administration of healthcare and radiologic sciences.
AIUM – American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, an ultrasound accreditation organization. AMA PEAC – Practice Expense Advisory Committee of the AMA
AMA – American Medical Association, a national organization founded in 1847 composed of physicians and county medical societies to distribute information to members and the public, keep members informed of medical health legislation on the state and national levels, represent the profession before Congress and governmental agencies, cooperates in setting standards for medical schools and continuing medical education courses, and offers publications such as the JAMA. APhA – American Pharmaceutical Association, a national organization founded in 1852 composed of pharmacists, educators, researchers, pharmaceutical chemists and scientists, hospital pharmacists, which works to ensure the quality of drug products, represents the interests of the profession before governmental bodies, and interprets and distributes information on developments in health care.
ARRT – American Registry of Radiologic Technologists, a national organization founded in 1922 for the purpose of identifying individuals qualified in the safe and effective application of X-rays for medical purposes; to provide certification for nuclear medicine technologists, radiologic technologists, and radiation therapy technologists. ASAHP – Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions, a not-for-profit professional association for administrators, educators, and others who are concerned with issues affecting allied health education; serves as a forum linking leaders in allied health education with state and national policy makers in government; its missions is to represent schools of allied health and educational programs in allied health.
ASNC – American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, a professional medical society whose mission is to foster optimal delivery of Nuclear Cardiology services through developing standards of professional education and training, establishing guidelines for the clinical performance of Nuclear Cardiology, and the promotion of Nuclear Cardiology research. ASRT – American Society of Radiologic Technologists, a national organization founded in 1920 comprised of technologists in diagnostic radiology, radiation therapy, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine interested in advancing the science of radiologic technology and establishing and maintaining high standards of education and training in the field.
ASTRO – American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, founded in 1958, ASTRO’s mission is to advance the practice of radiation oncology by promoting excellence in patient care, providing opportunities for educational and professional development, promoting research and disseminating research results and representing radiation oncology in a rapidly evolving healthcare environment.

AVIR – Association of Vascular and Interventional Radiographers, made up of interventional technologists, interventional radiology nurses, cardiovascular technologists, radiology physician assistants (RPA), vendor representatives, and other associated professionals. As an AVIR member you can keep current of new licensing requirements. You can also keep up-to-date on procedures, JCAHO requirements, interventional products, and network with other interventional technologists. For more information and a membership application be sure to visit the membership page.


BHPr – Bureau of Health Professions under the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) of the Department of Health & Human Services, it monitors and guides the development of health resources by providing leadership to improve the education, training, distribution, utilization, supply and quality of the nation’s health personnel. Goals to be implemented include expanding the capacity of allied health professions (i.e. Nuclear Medicine) to meet the increasing demands for services. BLS – Basic Life Support. Basic life support (BLS) is the level of medical care which is used for patients with life-threatening illnesses or injuries until the patient can be given full medical care at a hospital. BLS guidelines outline algorithms for the management of a number of conditions, such as cardiac arrest, choking and drowning. BLS generally does not include the use of drugs or invasive skills (in contrast to ACLS).
BOD – Board of Directors of the SNM  


CAHEA – Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation, a former committee of the American Medical Association founded in 1976 to serve as an accreditation agency for allied health programs. CAMRT – Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists, founded in 1942 by a coalition of provincial associations, CAMRT is Canada’s national professional association and certifying body for medical radiation technologists and therapists across the country. There are four disciplines represented among CAMRT’s membership: radiological technology, magnetic resonance, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy.
CAP – College of American Pathologists, a national organization founded in 1947 composed of physicians practicing pathology interested in the improvement of education, research, and medical laboratory service to physicians, hospitals, and the public; conducts laboratory accreditation program and laboratory proficiency testing surveys. Nuclear Medicine Departments performing RIA testing need to follow guidelines and standards from the CAP. CE – Continuing Education Committee of the SNMTS
CHCPP – Commission on Health Care Policy and Practice, created in Nov. 1993 as part of SNM and is made up of five committees: guidelines and communications, technology and outcomes assessment, practice management, coding and reimbursement, and manpower. Reports from this commission are found in the JNM and include information of state and federal health care policy issues, managed care, practice guidelines, outcomes research, Commission activities and other issues relevant to nuclear medicine practice. CLIA – Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act, passed in 1988 by Congress and effective in Sept 1, 1992, this regulation unified and replaced past standards with a single set of requirements that apply to laboratory testing of human specimens. The standards for laboratory personnel, quality control, and quality assurance are based on test complexity and potential harm to the patient and the regulation also set enforcement procedures when labs fail to meet standards. Included now were physician office laboratories and in settings where personnel have little experience with laboratory practices. This act involved Nuclear Medicine Labs performing RIA testing and required them to be involved in proficiency testing. Regulation is done through the HCFA (Health Care Financing Administration) of the Dept. of Health and Human Services.
CMSS – Council of Medical Specialty Societies, founded in 1965 and composed of 23 national medical societies to provide a forum for discussing national issues affecting the practice and teaching of medicine and promote communication between the specialty societies. CMS – Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. To ensure effective, up-to-date health care coverage and to promote quality care for beneficiaries.
CORAR – Council of Radionuclides and Radiopharmaceuticals, The Council on Radionuclides and Radiopharmaceuticals (CORAR) is an association comprised of companies in the United States and Canada who manufacture and distribute radiopharmaceuticals, sealed sources, and radionuclides primarily used in medicine and life science research. CORAR is tasked with advocating for regulations and legislation that facilitate the growth and viability of its member companies. Specifically, CORAR focuses on manufacturing, transportation, safety, security, reimbursement, and regulatory issues that can impact the radiopharmaceutical and radionuclide industry. CORAR must pursue a proactive agenda which includes education of the Congress and regulatory bodies on the benefits of radiopharmaceuticals and radionuclides to medical and life sciences. CPR - Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. An emergency procedure which is performed in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person in cardiac arrest.
CRCPD – Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors, a national organization founded in 1968 composed of state and local radiological program directors and individuals from related federal protection agencies to serve as a forum for discussion and exchange of concerns, developments; promotes radiological health and uniform radiation control laws and regulations. CSNM – Canadian Society of Nuclear Medicine, formed in 1998 as a multidisciplinary professional Canadian organization with a common interest in the scientific and use of radionuclides.


DOE – Department of Energy, first created as the Energy Policy Office on June 1873 and became the 12th cabinet office under President Carter. DOT ‘s mission is to provide technical information, provide an educational foundation for technology policy, help institute direction for efficient energy use, improve environmental quality, and provide a secure national defense. DOT – Department of Transportation, formed in 1967 and consists of seven administrations representing various transportation modes. Serving as the focal point for the coordinated national transport policy, the DOT is responsible for transportation safety enforcement and improvements, international transportation, and the continuity of transportation services in the public interest.

DRG – Diagnostic Related Group, system to classify hospital cases into one of approximately 500 groups, also referred to as DRGs, expected to have similar hospital resource use, developed for Medicare as part of the prospective payment system. DRGs are assigned by a “grouper” program based on ICD diagnoses, procedures, age, sex, discharge status, and the presence of complications or comorbidities. DRGs have been used in the US since 1983 to determine how much Medicare pays the hospital, since patients within each category are similar clinically and are expected to use the same level of hospital resources.



EANM – European Association of Nuclear Medicine, The EANM is a professional non-profit medical association that facilitates communication worldwide between individuals pursuing clinical and research excellence in nuclear medicine. The EANM was founded on September 6, 1985 in London as the result of a merger between the Society of Nuclear Medicine Europe and the European Nuclear Medicine Society. It is incorporated in Vienna and its activities extend throughout Europe. In 1999, EANM membership was also opened to nuclear medicine technologists. Since their inclusion in the association, their activities have continuously widened and technologist membership has now increased to over 300 individual members. EPA – Environmental Protection Agency, federal agency whose mission is to protect public health and to safeguard and improve the natural environment. Its purpose is to ensure that federal environmental laws are implemented and enforced. The disposal of nuclear materials from Nuclear Medicine Departments falls under the jurisdiction of the EPA.


FDA – Food and Drug Administration, established in 1906 assures the safety of foods and cosmetics, the safety and efficacy of pharmaceuticals, biological products and medical devices. All radiopharmaceuticals used in Nuclear Medicine undergo rigid testing before approval for use in the general population. New radiopharmaceuticals may take 2-4 years to be approved for use by the FDA. FSNMTS – Fellowship category designation of the SNMTS.


HCFA – Health Care Financing Administration, part of the HSS created in 1977 to administer the Medicare and Medicaid programs, establishes policies for the reimbursement of healthcare providers, conducts research on the effectiveness of various methods of health care management, treatment, and financing. On June 18, 1997, the HCFA published a Notice of Proposed Rule on Practice Expense, which will change physician payment for Medicare patients. The HCFA proposes to clarify the degree of physician supervision for diagnostic tests payable under the physician fee schedule-that is, a physician must be in the room during a cardiovascular stress test in order to be reimbursed. This agency has also just recently put forth a program to reduce the number of physician residencies by 20% overall, without reducing primary care training, resulting in programs of “Specialty Training” being reduced from 30-35% as released by the Bureau of Health Professions (BHP).

HHS – Department of Health and Human Services, a federal agency charged with protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, largest grant-making agency, and the Medicare program is the nation’s largest health insurer. Agencies under HHS include:

  • Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (AHCPR)
  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
  • Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA)
  • Bureau of Health Professions (BHP)
  • Medicare and Medicaid
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)
HIPAA – The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. The HIPAA regulation provides the first comprehensive federal protection for the privacy of individually identifiable health information. The regulation increases consumer control over the use and disclosure of their medical information. It also establishes appropriate safeguards that must be followed to protect the privacy of patients’ health information. HOD – House of Delegates, is the governing body (primary policy-making entity) of the SNM, Inc. The Board of Director members are automatically members of the House and the Society President serves as the presiding officer of the House.
HOPPS – Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System is a program under HCFA. HPN – Health Professions Network, a group of volunteers representing health professional associations interested in interdisciplinary communications, discussion and collaboration. Leadership is provided by a volunteer member coordinating team (currently several SNM-TS members are on the team), health care issues are discussed and engage in interdisciplinary problem-solving and address common allied health issues.
HRSA – Health Resources and Services Administration, established in 1982 this agency provides health resources for medically under-served populations such as the migrants, homeless, residents of public housing, and AIDS victims. It also oversees the organ transplantation system, and maintains the National Health Service corps.  


IAMER – International Association of Medical Equipment Remarketers, founded in 1993, is dedicated to creating a professional, secondary market by bringing together leading dealers, leasers, refurbishers and services committed to ethics and professionalism. Member companies represent a wide variety of medical specialties but are bound together by their commitment to IAMERS’ written and enforceable Code of Ethics and Professionalism in the Diagnostic Imaging industry. IAEA – The International Atomic Energy Agency. An independent intergovernmental science and technology based organization in the United Nations family that serves as the global focal point for nuclear cooperation. The IAEA develops nuclear safety standards and promotes the achievement and maintenance of high levels of safety in applications of nuclear energy, as wells as the protection of human health and the environment against ionizing radiation.
ICANL – Intersocietal Commission for the Accreditation of Nuclear Medicine Laboratories, A nonprofit organization, the ICANL is supported by our sponsoring organizations while operating independently of their activities. Representatives from these sponsoring organizations serve on the ICANL Board of Directors. Committed to balancing the changing needs of the nuclear medicine, nuclear cardiology, and PET communities with those of the general public, the ICANL was created by uniting physicians and technologists from the sponsoring organizations. Collaborating together, those physicians and technologists composed the body of work known as the Standards, an extensive document defining the minimal requirements for facilities to provide high quality care. Facilities use the Standards as both a guideline and the foundation to create and achieve realistic quality care goals. ICP – Institute for Clinical PET, a non-profit educational foundation founded in 1991 to promote the use of non-invasive, diagnostic positron imaging for measuring the metabolic activity of cells in the human body.
ICRP – The International Commission on Radiologic Protection. An independent international organization whose members represent the leading scientists and policy makers in the field of radiological protection. The ICRP evaluates information on biologic effects of radiation and provides radiation protection guidance through general recommendations on occupational and public does limits.

IOM – Institute of Medicine, a national organization formed in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences of clinical, academic, and health policy experts who study and inform public health policy issues. Membership is by invitation only.


JCAHO – The Joint Commission, an independent not for profit, national organization founded in 1951 for health care organizations that voluntarily seek accreditation. It develops organization standards and other performance measures, awards accreditation, and provided education and consultation to hospitals, health care networks, and other organizations providing health care. JRCERT – Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology, the JRCERT promotes excellence in education and enhances quality and safety of patient care through the accreditation of educational programs. The JRCERT is the only agency recognized by the United States Department of Education for the accreditation of traditional and distance delivery educational programs in radiography, radiation therapy, magnetic resonance, and medical dosimetry.

JRCNMT – Joint Review Committee on Nuclear Medicine Technology, The Joint Review Committee on Educational Programs in Nuclear Medicine Technology (JRCNMT) is the nationally recognized accrediting agency for educational programs for nuclear medicine technologists. Educational programs that meet or exceed the minimum standards stated in the Essentials and Guidelines for an Accredited Educational Program for the Nuclear Medicine Technologist are granted an accreditation status by the JRCNMT, providing public recognition of such achievement. Program accreditation is recognized as providing a basic assurance of the scope and quality of professional preparation.



MIRD – Medical Internal Radiation Dose MIRODA – Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology Data Alliance
MSQA – Mammography Standard Quality Act  


NACHCPRE – National Advisory Council for Health Care Policy, Research, and Evaluation, provides advice and recommendations to the AHCPR and to the Dept. of Health and Human Services on priorities for a national health services research agenda. The panel is comprised of private sector experts who contribute a varied perspective on the health care system. NAS – National Academy of Sciences, a private honorary organization founded in 1963, composed of members elected in recognition of their contributions to either science or engineering. NAS was founded by an act of Congress to serve as official advisor to the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Formed the Institute of Medicine in 1970. Issued a report in 1996 entitled “Radiation in Medicine, A Need for Regulatory Reform” that states the NCR should not be the agency involved in the regulation of ionizing radiation in medicine. This report has created controversy throughout the Nuclear Medicine community.
NAS/NRC-BEIR – National Academy of Science/National Research Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation. The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is an honorific society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. The NRC-BEIR is one of the Academy’s advisory committees that reviews studies of biologic effects of ionizing radiation and provided the information to organizations such as the ICRP and NCRP for evaluation. The “BEIR Reports” provide research-based evidence that focuses on risk factors and the probability of health effects associated with a given dose of ionizing radiation. NCOR – National Council of Representatives, the representative body of the SNMTS
NCAH – National Commission on Allied Health, conducted a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and potential solutions pertaining to the education, supply and distribution of allied health professionals in the United States. Reported its recommendations to the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services and to the Congress in the Report on the National Commission on Allied Health. NCHASTE – National Consortium on Health Science and Technology Education, a non-profit corporation organized in 1991, which is a national partnership of individuals and organizations with a vested interest in health science education and technology education. Its mission is to help shape and influence national policy on the preparation and employment of health care personnel. Affiliated with the Department of Education.
NEI – Nuclear Energy Institute, founded in 1994 as a private, non-profit organization representing approximately 400 industries and organizations worldwide (nuclear power, engineering, radionuclide manufacturing, labor unions, etc) to foster and encourage safe utilization and development of nuclear energy to meet the nation’s energy, environmental, and economic goals and to support the nuclear energy industry. NEMA – National Electrical Manufacturers Association, the largest trade organization in the U.S. representing the interests of electroindustry manufacturers. Many of NEMA’s standards have been approved as American National Standards and are followed by the Nuclear Medicine Camera Manufacturers. Presently, NEMA is developing a set of Standards and guidelines for Nuclear Medicine SPECT Camera quality control.
NIH – National Institute of Health, established in 1887, is the world’s premier medical research organization with projects in diseases like cancer, heart ailments, and AIDS. Nuclear Medicine research is greatly involved in many of the projects funded through the NIH. NMT – Nuclear Medicine Technologist
NMTCB – Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board, The NMTCB is the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board, formed for the purpose of creating and maintaining examinations for nuclear medicine technologists(NMTs). Since 1978, the NMTCB has offered a high-quality certification exam for NMTs. More recently, the NMTCB has provided specialty exams for NMTs who have a high level of knowledge in nuclear cardiology (the NCT exam) and NMTs, radiographers, and radiation therapists who have a high level of knowledge in positron emission tomography (the PET exam). NOCA – National Organization for Competency Assurance, a national organization founded in 1977 composed of 63 nonprofit organizations conducting certification programs; it promotes non-licensed but certified practitioners as a means of achieving high quality and cost containment. The SNMTS was on the steering committee during the formation of the NOCA (formally known as the National Commission of Health Certifying Agencies) and the NMTCB had a representative elected to the initial Executive Council.
NRC – Nuclear Regulatory Commission, an independent agency established by the Congress in 1974 (and abolished the Atomic Energy Commission) to ensure adequate protection of the public health and safety, and protection of the environment in the use of nuclear materials in the United States. For Nuclear Medicine Departments, the NRC has regulatory control over medical uses of nuclear materials, the transport, storage, and disposal of nuclear materials and waste. Nuclear Medicine Facilities are inspected by representatives of the NRC to determine compliance with the NRC regulations. NCRP – National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements – A U.S. nongovernmental, nonprofit, private corporation chartered by Congress in 1964. The focus of the NCRP is to collect, analyze, develop and disseminate in the public interest information and recommendations about (a) protection against radiation and (b) radiation measurements, quantities and units, particularly those concerned with radiation protection.


OMB – Office of Management and Budget, assists the President in overseeing the preparation of the Federal budget and to supervise its administration in Executive Branch agencies; also the OMB evaluates the effectiveness of agency programs, policies, and procedures, assesses competing funding demands among agencies, and sets funding priorities. This agency thus decides whether a federal program (such as a specific Nuclear Medicine research program) merits funding. OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration, established by the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1971 requires employers to follow nationally set standards of operation. The work area must meet certain requirements to be considered safe. Nuclear Medicine Departments must meet these safety standards or the departments are fined or closed until they are compliant.


PAC – Political Action Committee, a separate, segregated fund established by the SNMMI, Inc. for supporting the SNMMI political agenda. PEW Health Professions Commission – established in 1989 by the Pew Charitable Trusts to look at approaches to reform state educational programs, workforce planning, and licensure systems of all health professionals. A Taskforce on Health Care Workforce Regulation published a report titled Reforming Health Care Workforce Regulation: Policy Considerations for the 21st Century in which a list of recommendations were put forth to address problems found in the health care workforce.


RT – Radiologic Technologist  


SDMS – Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers, The Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography was founded in 1970 to promote, advance, and educate its members and the medical community in the science of Diagnostic Medical Sonography. SEA – Socioeconomic Affairs Committee of the SNMTS


TAB – Technologist Advisory Board, formed by Du Pont in 1988, is comprised of Nuclear Medicine Technologists that identifies and implements projects that advance the profession. Several projects have been completed and are available from a Du Pont technical representative. Redeveloped in 2010 by Lantheus.  


UNSCEAR – The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. UNSCEAR was established by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1955. Its mandate in the United Nations system is to assess and report levels and effects of exposure to ionizing radiation. Governments and organizations throughout the world rely on the Committee’s estimates as the scientific basis for evaluating radiation risk and for establishing protective measures.

USP – United States Pharmacopedia, established in 1820 is a private, voluntary, not-for-profit, healthcare organization of professionals, scientists, academicians, and government officials which are responsible for the ongoing revision and development of the United States Pharmacopeia and the National Formulary.


VOICE – Verification of Involvement in Continuing Education, a program run by the SNMTS verifying local, chapter and national educational programs and awarding CE credits.