Novel Theranostic Approach for Treating Pancreatic Cancer Patients Shows Promise

May 1, 2018

RESTON, Va. – German researchers have developed a novel diagnostic and therapeutic (theranostic) procedure for patients with ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma, a deadly cancer with an extremely poor prognosis (five-year survival rate of less than 5 percent) and limited treatment options. The study is featured in the May issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Richard P. Baum, MD, PhD, of the THERANOSTICS Center for Molecular Radiotherapy and Molecular Imaging, Zentralklinik Bad Berka in Germany, explains the research and its significance.

In early preclinical studies with animal models, the novel procedure significantly inhibited tumor growth. Focusing on the neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1), a protein that is overexpressed in ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma, researchers developed a DOTA-conjugated NTR1 antagonist 3BP-227 labeled with the radioisotope lutetium-177 (177Lu) to treat and monitor therapy.

For this study, 6 patients with confirmed metastatic ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma, who had exhausted all other treatment options, received 177Lu-3BP-227 as salvage therapy. Scintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography was used with computed tomography (SPECT/CT) to determine the tumor uptake and the patients' eligibility for treatment. If the patient's condition allowed, 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET)/CT imaging was performed 8-12 weeks after therapy to determine treatment efficacy.

177Lu-3BP-227 was well tolerated by all patients, with the most severe adverse reaction a reversible grade 2 anemia. One patient experienced significant improvement of symptoms and quality of life—surviving 13 months from diagnosis and 11 months from the start of 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy.

This study provides the first clinical evidence of the feasibility of treating ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma using 177Lu-3BP-227. 

“The research presented warrants further development of 177Lu-3BP-227, in order to provide patients with more effective treatment and less side effects than cytotoxic chemotherapy,” explains Christiane Smerling, PhD, head of Nuclear Medicine and Imaging at 3B Pharmaceuticals GmbH in Berlin, Germany.

She points out, “Exploiting a hitherto underexplored receptor, these findings broaden the scope of nuclear medicine treatment for pancreatic adenocarcinoma and potentially other indications expressing neurotensin receptors, such as Ewing sarcoma. A theranostic approach using molecular imaging to identify potential responders will allow more effective treatment of a highly underserved patient population.”

FIGURE: 18F-FDG PET and CT scans of patient 3 before (A, B upper panel) and after (B lower panel, C) 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy. (A) 18FDG PET before 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy. Red oval: primary tumor; arrows: liver metastases. (B, upper panel) Axial CT section; primary tumor (blue oval) before 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy. (B, lower panel) Axial CT section; primary tumor (blue oval) after 3 cycles of 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy. (C) 18FDG PET after 3 cycles of 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy. Credit: RP Baum, A Singh et al., THERANOSTICS Center for Molecular Radiotherapy and Molecular Imaging, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Bad Berka, Germany

Authors of “177Lu-3BP-227 for Neurotensin Receptor 1-Targeted Therapy of Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: First Clinical Results” include Richard P. Baum, Aviral Singh, Christiane Schuchardt, Harshad R. Kulkarni, Ingo Klette, and Stefan Wiessalla, THERANOSTICS Center for Molecular Radiotherapy and Molecular Imaging, Zentralklinik Bad Berka, Bad Berka, Germany; and Frank Osterkamp, Ulrich Reineke, and Christiane Smerling, 3B Pharmaceuticals GmbH, Berlin, Germany.

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Please visit the SNMMI Media Center to view the PDF of the study, including images, and more information about molecular imaging and personalized medicine. To schedule an interview with the researchers, please contact Laurie Callahan at (703) 652-6773 or lcallahan@snmmi.org. Current and past issues of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine can be found online at http://jnm.snmjournals.org.

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Downloadable Figure: 18F-FDG PET and CT scans before and after 177Lu-3BP-227 therapy

Full JNM article: neurotensin receptor 1-targeted therapy of pancreatic adenocarcinoma